who to follow in crypto?

Edit: This list of crypto experts was updated on January 11th to reflect the industry in 2019.

So-called crypto experts are everywhere in the blockchain world. But it’s not always easy to spot the true influencers from the wannabes.

We crawled dozens of “cryptocurrency experts” lists and hundreds of self-proclaimed crypto gurus’ Twitter profiles to distill the data into Block Explorer’s own definitive list of blockchain experts to follow. 

Some are well-known figures shaping the future of the industry. Others are low-key insiders that truly have an immense value to share. So here it goes, the 23 crypto experts you have to follow on Twitter: 

#1 Vitalik Buterin (@vitalikbuterin)

Who? Genius Canadian programmer of Russian origin, creator of Ethereum and co-founder of Bitcoin Magazine. 

Why follow? He’s at the heart of Ethereum’s cutting-edge development, knows the industry’s nitty-gritty and he’s funny, in a dry, sarcastic kind of way. 

What does he say?

#2 Charlie Lee (@SatoshiLite)

Who? The creator of Litecoin. Former director of engineering at Coinbase. Managing director of the Litecoin Foundation.

Why follow? Shares great and easy-to-comprehend bits of information explaining the beauty of blockchain technology to non-tech-savvy blockchain enthusiasts. Also, he is very social and spends time with the most important people in the industry, so you get to know all the experts.

What does he say? 

#3 Jed McCaleb (@JedMcCaleb)

Who? The creator of Mt. Gox (though he left before it was hacked and went bankrupt) and one of the founders of Ripple. Currently developer at Stellar and co-founder of Stellar Development Foundation. Fascinated by octopuses.

Why follow? One of the brightest developers in the field. Tweets are rare but feature the important updates from Stellar on the way to crypto’s mass adoption. 

What does he say?

 

#4 Roger Ver (@rogerkver)

Who? Among the world’s first investors in Bitcoin startups including Bitcoin.com, Blockchain.com, Zcash, BitPay, Kraken, Purse.io. Bitcoin Cash advocate. 

Why follow? Interested in some popcorn-worthy debates, involving the sharpest minds in the industry? Then enjoy the regular performances in the comment section for some of Ver’s tweets, in a vivid manner explaining why Bitcoin Cash is far way better than Bitcoin. 

What does he say?

#5 Tuur Demeester (@tuurdemeester)

Who? Investor, fintech analyst, the founder of bitcoin fund called Adamant Capital.

Why follow? Shares some great perspectives on trading crypto (and securities) with lots of relevant data and research from authoritative sources.

What does he say?

#6 Andreas M.Antonopoulos (@aantonop)

Who? Entrepreneur, coder, atheist, pacifist, pilot. Author of: Mastering Bitcoin, The Internet of Money, Mastering Ethereum.

Why follow? For all the people out there who are still struggling to understand what bitcoin is and how blockchain works, Andreas is the go-to guy for perfectly clear explanations. His latest book ships at the end of the year. 

What does he say? 

#7 Nick Szabo (@nickszabo4)

Who? Blockchain, cryptocurrency, and smart contracts pioneer (and possible Bitcoin creator?!)

Why follow? Shares some profound thoughts on the blockchain and its potential place and role in the current political, social, and financial systems. On top of that, from time to time, adds some technical insights for those who want to understand the concepts of the blockchain and smart contracts deeper.

What does he say? 

#8 Gavin Andresen (@gavinandresen)

Who? Bitcoin developer, the founder of Bitcoin Foundation. 

Why follow? His tweets are appealing both for crypto traders and developers. Gavin is also witty. 

What does he say? 

#9 Barry Silbert (@barrysilbert)

Who? Founder at Digital Currency Group, “parent” of Grayscale Investments’ Bitcoin and Ethereum trusts and CoinDesk. Also, he’s an investor in more than 100 different cryptocurrencies.

Why follow? Barry’s vast involvement in the field gives him a notable edge on knowing which news to follow and which new cryptocurrencies are worth taking a more in-depth look.

What does he say?

#10 Nicolas Cary (@niccary)

Who? Founder of Blockchain wallet, the chairman and co-founder of Youth Business USA.

Why follow? One of the first people in the industry who actually built a working product (with 29+ million wallets created at the moment of writing this article) and who continues its development. 

What does he say?

#11 Emin Gün Sirer (@el33th4xor) 

Who? Hacker and the professor of computer science at Cornell University.

Why follow? Shares some non-trivial and easy-to-digest ideas that can be appreciated by academics and non-technical audiences alike. If you’re striving to learn more about blockchain and dig into some real questions that the industry still has to solve, he’s worth a follow.

What does he say?  

#12 Adam Back (@adam3us)

Who? Cryptographer, inventor of Hashcash, the proof of work algorithm used in bitcoin mining, co-founder of Blockstream.

Why follow? Perfect if you want to follow the latest developments in blockchain (from the tech perspective).

What does he say? 

#13. Meltem Demirors (@Melt_Dem)

Who: According to her Twitter profile, Demirors teaches at The Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Oxford University. She has a prominent corporate background as an analyst at Dow Chemical and Tradax Energy and as a consultant at Deloitte.

Starting from 2015 she was deeply involved in Digital Currency Group, one of the most active investors in the industry (its portfolio counts over 100 companies). Currently, she is chief strategy officer at investment management company, CoinShares. So she really knows her stuff.

Why follow: Meltem has a UNIQUE point of view on what’s going on in the industry right now and where it might take us soon on the macroeconomic level. And she doesn’t hesitate to share it.

What does she say?

#14 Brock Pierce (@brockpierce)

Who? Chairman of Bitcoin Foundation, involved in a long list of projects including (Re)start, ONE, Blockchain Capital, EOS, DNA, Tether, Mastercoin. 

Why follow? As his own Twitter profile states, Brock is “working to positively impact the lives of billions of people.” A controversial figure, but definitely worth a follow.

What does he say? 

#15 Ari Paul (@AriDavidPaul)

Who? Co-founder of BlockTower Capital. 

Why follow? An expert with in-depth knowledge of blockchain and cryptocurrencies, putting the tech in the perspective of markers, mass-adoption, and regulations. At the moment of writing, Ari decided to take a break from Twitter, but we really hope he’ll be back soon with more insights.  

What does he say?

#16 Jimmy Song (@jimmysong)

Who? Bitcoin educator, developer, and entrepreneur.

Why follow? One of a few people who truly understands the insides of a blockchain and at the same time clearly (and sometimes with a hint of a perfect sense of humor) articulate it to a broader audience.

What does he say?  

#17 Peter Todd (@peterktodd)

Who? Applied cryptography (also called blockchain by some cool kids) consultant.

Why follow? He is sarcastic and geeky, his tweets are right to the point, and he is passionate about tackling some of crypto’s underlying problems like scaling and privacy. 

What does he say?

 

#18 Eric Voorhees (@ErikVoorhees)

Who? Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of ShapeShift.

Why follow? One of the oldest players in the industry. Shares the most important news and developments in the field of the blockchain that step-by-step lead to crypto assets becoming mainstream. 

What does he say?

#19 Laura Shin (@laurashin)

Who? Forbes editor and host of two crypto podcasts, Unchained and Unconfirmed.

Why follow? She has interviewed and grilled most of the names on this list, asking them tough questions and removing the hype from blockchain. Just listen to her podcast with Binance founder CZ.

What does she say?

 

#20 Tone Vays (@ToneVays) 

 Who? Derivatives trader, analyst, and blockchain content creator, including the podcast called CryptoScam.

Why follow? For many years Tone worked on Wall Street and even became vice president at JP Morgan Chase after the 2008 financial crisis. The expertise he acquired in the institutional world and his passion for cryptocurrencies are definitely making him a viable candidate for any “best crypto experts to follow” list.  

What does he say? 

#21 Naval Ravikant (@naval)

Who? Co-founder of AngelList. And, as one of the founders on a project Naval advised put it, “he’s the f*cking man.”

Why follow? A person who knows all the nuts and bolts of entrepreneurship. Naval’s tweets are a combination of philosophy, practicality, and inspiration. He also intervolves Bitcoin in this ravel of awesomeness.  

What does he say?

#22 Nathaniel Popper (@nathanielpopper)

Who? The New York Times journalist, reporting about technology and finance, the author of Digital Gold, the most exciting history of Bitcoin.

Why follow? Nathaniel writes the most interesting, in-depth, and entertaining stories about the industry. No kidding. 

What does he say?

#23 Jameson Lopp (@lopp)

Who? Professional cypherpunk, creator of Statoshi.info, infrastructure engineer at Casa.

Why follow? Along with techy mambo-jumbo that many of the people involved in crypto will appreciate, Jameson spreads profound knowledge, aimed at a broader audience. Anything from funny comics, curious thoughts and eye-opening metaphors will do in the second case.

What does he say?

#24 Changpeng Zhao (@cz_binance)

Who? Founder of Binance, the largest bitcoin exchange in the world by volume.

Why follow? Insight into what’s going on at the world’s biggest crypto exchange (and the occasional funny tweets towards Elon Musk!)

What does he say?

Do you think we left someone behind? Go ahead and share your favorite crypto expert in the comment section below.

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About three years ago, a so-called crypto-anarchist, deep into libertarianism, hired me to write a book that included content railing against government anti-money laundering regulations. As he saw it, there is essentially nothing wrong with financially supporting terrorist organizations,  smuggling drugs or other contraband items. (Hell, there was nothing wrong with terrorism to him; one man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter). People can do what they want as long as they don’t harm others. Drugs and prostitutes (for instance) delight individuals. And, therefore, the government, which, by the way, does a lousy job of literally minding its own business should focus on “minding its own business”.

Five years later and knowing more on money laundering, I think large-scale smuggling and certainly funding terrorists may have more negative social and economic ramifications than my well-meaning friend opined. This is  partly because unrequited criminal laundering turns us into a criminal society – after all why work ethically when we can make far more money in illicit activities. Above all, successful money laundering means more drugs on the streets, more drug-related crime, more fraud, more corporate embezzling, and more terrorism, among a host of other social ills.

What  is money laundering?

money laundering

 

Money laundering, at its simplest, is the act of trying to make money that comes from nefarious Source A look like it comes from “clean” Source B. If caught, the perpetrator can’t use that money, since law enforcement would seize it. Source A involves funding ISIS, smuggling cocaine, engaging in corrupt political businesses, or benefiting from fraudulent business schemes, as examples.

If I were involved in any of these activities and would want to retain my stash, I’d be advised to go through the following three steps:

  1. Placement – Find a place to stash my money. If I wire the trove to my banks Capital One or Charles Schwab, they’d have to tell the government I’m suddenly depositing millions in checks. So I need to find a resilient hiding place.
  2. Layering – Money launderers can teach me all sort of schemes like wiring money between different accounts in different names in different countries, or purchasing high-value items (boats, houses, cars, diamonds) to change the form of my money. I can also change my money’s currency – and this is where cryptocurrency comes in. So, I can change my dirty dollars into Bitcoin and then again into Monero or Dash to better hide its source – now there’s a way to evade the cops!
  3. Integration – At this point, my money re-enters mainstream society as though it comes from a legitimate source. I’ve strategized in such a way that my startling fortune is innocuous and can slip under the radar.

The government’s response to money-laundering

Anti-money laundering regulations

In the United States, the Department of Justice, the State Department, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Internal Revenue Service and the Drug Enforcement Agency join forces in catching money-launderers like me. State and local police investigate cases under their jurisdiction. On the international stage (and when it comes to blockchain), organizations like the United Nations, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF) send in their troops. The last has 33 member states and organizations, as of 2018.

Cops combine legislation with law enforcement.  In the United States, legislative acts include:

  • The Bank Secrecy Act (1970) – Financial institutions have to report all single transactions above $10,000 and multiple transactions totaling more than $10,000 to or from a single account in one day. When it comes to the blockchain industry, this includes money service businesses (MSB), too. Bankers who violate this rule can serve up to 10 years in prison.
  • The 1986 Money Laundering Control Act – Any aspect of money laundering is a crime punishable by fines or jail.
  • The 1994 Money Laundering Suppression Act – Banks have to establish their own money-laundering task forces to weed out suspicious activity in their institutions. When it comes to blockchain-based financial institutions, customer due diligence (CDD) rules are no different.

In truth, it’s a perpetual chase of cops vs. robbers, with the robbers mostly slipping through even as cops set the traps.

How do AML rules impact ICOs?

ICOs, also known as token sales, can fall foul of anti-money laundering regulations with their digital tokens.  While “utility tokens” that only give investors access to the startup’s features are ok,  it is the “security tokens” that may offer investors equity or some form of an investment return that are problematic.

This is where a growing number of ICOs interest themselves in Know Your Customer (KYC) and Anti-Money Laundering (AML) regulations for reasons that include the following:

  1. Establish credibility with banks – After all, banks don’t want to trip up with organizations like FinCen, a bureau of the U.S. Department of the Treasury, that snoops into whether financial institutions are adhering to KYC.
  2. Long-term legitimacy – It’s good for your bottom line. You don’t want the government to bust your booty as happened in 2014 with Mt. Gox, the largest Bitcoin exchange, after the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) seized suspicious money from its U.S. subsidiary account.
  3. Improved public perception – You appear more legitimate. You’re more likely to interest investors. The Dutch Authority for the Financial Markets (AFM), for one, warns consumers to avoid ICOs:

“Due to their unregulated status and the anonymous nature of the transactions involved, ICOs are attractive for the laundering of money obtained by criminal means. .. Because of these risks, there is a strong possibility that investors will lose their entire investment.”

With your compliance to KYC/ AML rules, you prove the AFM wrong.

4. Expanded reach – You’re more likely to attract investors in countries with rigid KYC/AML regulations like US, UK and Canada.

5. Avoid Regulatory Fines – There have been cases of regulatory bodies fining or suffocating ICOs that smell suspicious. With the Mt. Gox case, more than 3,000 customers lost some, or all, of their investments. You really don’t want that happening to you! AML in practice?

Our most recent guide to all there’s to “KYC: A  Practical Guide for Blockchain Entrepreneur and Investor” gives you the overall picture.

Really, it reduces to three steps:

  • Identify and do background checks on depositors.
  • Report all suspicious activity. (For example, if a background check revealed that depositor A works in an oil rig, and he deposits $2,000 every two weeks, a series of ten $9,000 deposits over two weeks should worry you.)
  • Build an internal task-force to identify laundering clues.

The rest is up to you.

Headquartered in Kiev, Liqui is a crypto-only cryptocurrency exchange with a 235 trading pairs. Liqui offers both a public and private API for programmatic trading and states a 24-hour volume of around 1250 BTC. Liqui’s numerous trading pairs are all against its three main currencies, BTC, ETH, and USDT, meaning that those looking to trade with fiat will want to find a different exchange or a method of converting their crypto after the fact. Overall, It is a good choice for small to medium traders, especially those looking for the ability to trade programmatically against a large number of cryptocurrencies.

Liqui finds itself at #23 on BlockExplorer’s list of the top 25 cryptocurrency exchanges of 2017.

Liqui

liqui cryptoURL: liqui.io
Launched: 2016
Trading pairs: 235
Deposit Fees: No
Withdrawal Fees: No
Trading fees: Yes
Verification: Yes
Margin Trading: No (coming soon)

Fees and Limits

Liqui lays out its fees in the usual maker/taker scheme, where makers pay a 0.10% fee and takers pay a 0.25% fee. All of Liqui’s trading pairs currently have the same fees applied to them. Fees are listed on Liqui’s Fees and Limits page, with the fees specifically only listed for the three ‘main’ cryptocurrencies you trade against; Bitcoin, Ethereum, and USD Tether.

Limit-wise, Liqui has three levels; New accounts are split into three 24 hour periods, where their withdrawal limit increases by 5,000 USDT or equivalent per day, starting at 5,000 USDT. Following the new account restrictions, an account receives the “Basic Account” withdrawal limits of 50,000 USDT or equivalent per day. And lastly, for “Enhanced Accounts”, the limit is 500,000 USDT or equivalent per day. Note that the Enhanced Account’s limit requires both verification and 2FA to be enabled on the account.

Registration

Registering an account on Liqui is simple, and requires a username, email, and password. A confirmation email will be sent to you once you have completed the registration form. And after following the confirmation link in said email, you can begin to trade. Note that new accounts have withdrawal limits that are explained above.

Verification

Liqui has one verification level, the requirements for which are not published. Getting verified begins with a support ticket at their support site. Assume that for verification, the usual information is required. Namely a photo ID and proof of residence.

Interface

Liqui has a soft feel to its interface, which by default is a cool white with blue highlights. Liqui’s interface also offers a dark mode, which can be toggled with the lamp icon at the top of the page. The dark mode maintains the same highlights but trades the light background and dark text for a dark background with light text. Almost all of the interface switches seamlessly, with charts requiring a refresh. Some users may find the dark mode difficult to read, as the contrast between the text and the background is not very high.

On Liquis main trading page, there is a chart and summary front and centre, with buy and sell dialogues below. Further below is an area to select trading pairs, the current order book, trade history, and your personal trade history.

Security

Liqui offers decent security measures, including 2FA. When logging in to your account, without having 2FA configured, you are emailed a security code for that login. The security code is a massive 64 character string, making it safe from brute forcing in the 5 minutes which it works. Two Factor Authentication is offered via Google Authenticator and is simple to set up, using the standard ‘scan this QR code’ approach.

Otherwise, Liqui offers a complete overview of account login activity. Specifically, you can see all active sessions, with the ability to close them, and you can see all login activity, successful or otherwise. Both account information sections have the date, time, and IP address of the occurrence listed.

Coinfloor is a London UK, based cryptocurrency exchange that was founded in 2012. It offers 8 trading pairs, all of which are crypto/fiat. Coinfloor finds itself at number 21 on BlockExplorer’s list of the top 25 cryptocurrency exchanges of 2017.

Coinfloor is a good choice for any UK based trader looking to trade in some of the more well-known cryptocurrencies. Specifically, Coinfloor provides trading pairs for Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash, Ethereum, Ethereum Classic, Ripple, and Litecoin. Coinfloor’s markets seem active, with XBT/EUR being the most active trading pair.

Coinfloor

coinfloor cryptoURL: coinfloor.co.uk
Launched: 2012
Trading pairs: 8
Deposit Fees: Yes, for fiat
Withdrawal Fees: Yes, for all
Trading fees: Yes
Verification: Yes, one level
Margin Trading: No

Registration

Registration on Coinfloor is broken up into three steps. Step one requires just an email address and password. Once you have completed step one, you must confirm your email via a link before proceeding to step two. Step two requires you to configure two-factor authentication, and step three requires you to go through Coinfloor’s verification system.

Verification

Coinfloor has a single verification level that is required to trade on the platform. Getting verified is a two-step process that requires a picture of your ID, your full name, your country of residence (including postal code). According to Coinfloor, the verification process should take about a minute for pre-verification in most cases.

Fees

Coinfloor’s trading fee system is broken up into three levels where each level is based on the amount you have traded over the past 30 days. On the low-end, the trading fee is 0.30% of your trading and applies for traders with less than $500,000 USD traded over 30 days. For mid-range, the fee is 0.20%, which applies for traders that have traded between $500,000 USD and $1,000,000 USD over the past 30 days. And on the high-end, for more than $1,000,000 USD traded, the fee applied is 0.10%.

Deposit and withdrawal wise, for cryptocurrencies, there is no deposit fee and there is a small withdrawal fee of 0.0050 of that currency, with a minimum deposit of 0.05 and a minimum withdrawal of 0.0005. Fiat wise, the fees are set per currency and can be seen on Coinfloor’s fee page. Minimum deposit and withdrawal for fiat are 5,000 and 2,000 respectively for every fiat currency that Coinfloor accepts.

Interface

Coinfloor’s trading interface leaves a bit to be desired, the entire site is built on a white and blue theme, with the occasional green accent. And unfortunately, there is no dark mode available, making late night trading sessions heavy on the eyes. The main trading interface has a market depth chart, but no other charts are offered. Below the chart on the left is an order book, with your personal orders filtered to the right. Directly to the right of the chart is an order submission form. And on top is a trading pair selection drop-down.

Security

While Coinfloor does enforce 2FA, there are unfortunately only two supported 2FA methods, and Google Authenticator isn’t one of them. The two choices you do have are Authy and YubiKey, with YubiKey being the star of the two, as it’s a hardware-based second factor. Otherwise, Coinfloor will email you on every login to your account.

On the corporate side, Coinfloor states that it maintains all of its client’s currency in multi-signature cold wallets. Also stated is that its entire system is regularly tested by penetration testers, though it does not state exactly who, aside from ‘a highly regarded penetration testing firm’.