I Gave: An Ethereum Smart Contract Based Charity Platform

I Gave is a new DAO (Decentralised Autonomous Organisation) that is centered around allowing users to donate Ethereum to a charitable organization. Its current implementation is open source and was launched in January 2018 and is in the form of a private testnet. I Gave’s underlying technology is Ethereum smart contracts, much like cryptokittes.

The Idea behind I Gave

I Gave allows donors to donate to charitable organizations using ethereum in exchange for a nonfungible token. This token represents a “need” for the organization. Its whitepaper gives the example of “1 bottle of water” as a need represented by a token. A specific number of the non-fungible tokens are available when a fundraising campaign is started. And the fundraiser ends either when there are no more non-fungible tokens left or when the end date of the fundraiser passes. Either way, at the end of the fundraiser, there will be no further tokens of that type issued. The whitepaper also mentions a fungible token to be used for voting on specific issues, such as marking specific ethereum addresses as ‘Partners’. Partners do not pay the fees involved in starting a fundraising campaign.

ICO

I Gave will begin with an Initial Coin Offering intended to raise at least 100,000,000 IGV (100 ETH), and at maximum 50,000,000,000 IGV (500,000 ETH). 20% of the ICO will go into a development fund, with the rest going to those that purchased the IGV.  IGV owners will be able to withdraw their ETH if the ICO fails. The ICO has two failure conditions. The first failure condition is not reaching the 100,000,000 IGV goals within the timeframe of 12 months.  And the second is up to the founder of I Gave, who can end the ICO at any time.

 

I Gave is an extremely interesting idea and seems to have a well thought out plan for rollout and long-term use.  And if it succeeds,  could be a great asset to charitable organizations everywhere.

Featured image from I Gave’s GitHub

All Time High for Ethereum and Ripple as they Battle for #2 in Cryptocurrency Market Cap

coinbase

The Ethereum (ETH) and Ripple (XRP) prices have each raced to an all time high as the two cryptocurrency heavyweights vie for the silver podium in the cryptocurrency market cap rankings.

Ethereum and Ripple Vie for Second Place in the Market Cap Rankings

Long thought to be the cryptocurrency with the best chance to supplant bitcoin as the cryptoasset king, Ethereum boasted the second largest market cap for the vast majority of 2017 (Ripple briefly achieved that mark in May, while bitcoin cash held it for a fleeting moment in November).

ethereum price
Legend: Ethereum (Purple), Ripple (Blue), Bitcoin Cash (Green) | Source: CoinMarketCap

However, in December the Ripple price entered a meteoric ascent that only seemed to intensify as time passed, and on Dec. 29 Ripple unseated Ethereum as the second most valuable cryptocurrency.

Ethereum reclaimed that position for a brief period on Jan. 2, but Ripple quickly resumed its rally and moved back into second before the end of the day.

Ethereum, Ripple Prices Race to All-Time Highs as Competition Intensifies

At this point, the competition really began to heat up as both cryptocurrencies set multiple all-time highs during mid-week trading.

On Thursday, the Ripple price reached as high as $3.53 on Bittrex, raising its circulating market cap to $148.9 billion and making Ripple co-founder Chris Larsen the eighth-richest person in the world — at least on paper.

ripple price
Source: TradingView

Ripple’s dramatic rally accompanied several partnership announcements involving banks and credit card issuers in South Korea and Japan.

Nevertheless, these blockchain trials do not involve the XRP currency itself, making the pace of the rally somewhat inexplicable, although its continuation is likely the product of the mainstream coverage it has received in the financial press — particularly at a time when the bitcoin price has been more or less stagnant

The Ethereum price, meanwhile, touched the historic $1,000 checkpoint on Coinbase, briefly lifting its market cap to a new all-time high of $101.1 billion, making it just the third cryptocurrency to achieve a $100 billion market cap.

ethereum price
Source: TradingView

Ethereum’s move is likely tied to the recent announcement that Casper, a consensus algorithm that will enable the network to transition to proof-of-stake (PoS), had entered alpha testing.

By the time of writing, both Ripple and Ethereum had ebbed significantly from their high-water marks, reducing their market caps to $124.3 billion and $99.4 billion, respectively, according to the BlockExplorer Market Cap Index.

The jostle for cryptocurrency’s silver podium, however, remains as heated as ever.

Featured Image from Pexels

This article was written with contributions from Isaac Rockett.

Ethereum Launches Casper Testnet, Paving the Way for Proof-of-Stake

Ethereum developers have launched an alpha test network (testnet) for Casper, paving the way for the cryptocurrency to eventually transition to a proof-of-stake (PoS) consensus algorithm.

Like bitcoin, ethereum currently operates on a proof-of-work (PoW) consensus algorithm, meaning that the network is secured and new currency units are issued through “mining,” whereby participants solve cryptographic puzzles to validate transactions and create new blocks.

However, PoW has attracted criticism over the years, both for its tendency to centralize mining hardware into a few pools and for the amount of electricity it consumes.

Ethereum to implement Proof-of-Stake

Ethereum aims to address these problems by transitioning to Casper, a proof-of-stake (PoS) consensus algorithm. Under Casper, participants can become validators by locking up or “staking” ether. Validators will take turns proposing and voting on blocks, and both the weight of their votes and the size of their rewards will hinge on the size of their stakes.

According to developers, moving to Casper will greatly reduce the amount of electricity “wasted” through PoW mining. In addition to limiting its environmental impact, PoS will allow ethereum to dramatically reduce its rate of currency inflation since validators will have much lower overhead and will thus require smaller rewards to incentivize them to continue to serve as validators.

Moreover, PoS will also reduce the incentive that validators have to centralize their influence. With decreased centralization comes increased security and, importantly, resistance to dreaded 51 percent attacks.

Ethereum is not the first project to attempt to integrate a PoS consensus algorithm. However, most previous PoS implementations have been criticized because, in the event of a blockchain split, validators are incentivized to try to make blocks on top of every chain rather than resolving the consensus back to a single blockchain.

casper
Source: Ethereum/Github

Casper aims to solve this problem by imposing economic penalties on malicious validators that violate the network’s rules. This ensures that validators are properly incentivized to achieve consensus on a single blockchain in the event of a network split.

Following three years of development, Casper has officially entered alpha testing, and the first full-featured testnet has launched. The software must still traverse several release checkpoints before it is ready to launch on the main network, but this alpha release nevertheless marks an important step toward its eventual activation on the main ethereum network.

Casper
Source: Vitalik Buterin/Twitter

Users can join the testnet by following the instructions in this guide, and once online they can send transactions and become validators, just as they would on a normal network, although the network’s performance is not indicative of how production clients will operate once the project receives an official release.

SophiaTX ICO Kicks Off Following CryptoKitties-Fueled Delay

cryptokitties

Business blockchain startup SophiaTX finally kicked off its initial coin offering (ICO) on Thursday.

SophiaTX had originally scheduled its ICO for Tuesday, but the project had to press pause on those plans due to extreme congestion in the Ethereum network. As been widely reported, the network has struggled to keep up with demand for what is currently its most popular application: a Neopets-style game called CryptoKitties that lets users breed — and sell — adorable cartoon cats.

cryptokitties
Source: CryptoKitties

And as adorable as these cats are, they have become big business. As of the time of writing, users had bought and sold more than $8.5 million worth of kittens, and four had sold for more than $100,000 each.

The CryptoKitties frenzy has turned into a serious headache for many ethereum users. Since CryptoKitties launched, the number of unconfirmed ethereum transactions has begun to pile up into a growing backlog, causing significant delays and a spike in the average transaction fee.

cryptokitties
Source: Etherscan

SophiaTX had not planned for this scenario — an incident no one could have foreseen even two weeks ago — so the company was forced to delay its ICO by 48 hours while it grappled with how best to handle the precarious situation.

SophiaTX CEO Jaroslav Kacina used the incident as an opportunity to demonstrate the perceived need for an enterprise-dedicated blockchain.

”The recent incident demonstrates why we have chosen to build SophiaTX as a proprietary blockchain technology. Businesses require sufficient speed, security, and features that are required for a mainstream adoption by businesses, currently not provided by either Bitcoin, Ethereum and others,” he wrote on the company’s blog.

Although CryptoKitties-related transactions continue to put a strain on the network, SophiaTX officially began its ICO on Friday morning. At the time of writing, the startup had raised approximately $5.7 million, which is 12 percent of its $49.4 million target.